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Cultures of Jackson: Diwali 2015

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Cultures of Jackson: Diwali 2015

Cultures of Jackson

 

Upbeat music pounded against the walls and colorful lights flashed as we (Kimberly and Melissa) found ourselves on a dance floor. People of all ages and various ethnicities surrounded us as we all did dance motions to the best of our abilities. Women in bright traditional Indie dress flashed smiles as their friends joined the circle. A small boy laughed as he bounded from one side of the stage to the other and dodged between peoples’ legs. Abruptly a sikh man with a blue turban and a thick black beard stepped into the middle of the circle and showed off his impressive moves. At that moment the two of us made eye contact, and we both had the same thought: “This is the most awesome event we have even been to!”

We were at Diwali, or the Festival of Lights. This holiday is celebrated by Hindus, Sikhs, and Buddhists around the world, and we weren't sure what we were getting ourselves into. “Basically, it's like the Hindi combination of Christmas and the Fourth of July—because they give presents and often shoot fireworks,” Kim reckoned. This gig was very different than all our others. Vinay Sood from the Jackson Association of Indians had asked Our Jackson Home to cover the event. Both of us beamed when our editor asked if we would like to be the writers.

The first couple we had the pleasure of speaking to were Mihir Patel and his wife Janki. They confirmed that, “Diwali is the Indians’ ‘Christmas,’” complete with “lots of giving and sharing and donations.” They continued, “It is also a sacred religious time: we celebrate the treasures of the past, the proud present, and look forward with hope to the future.”

They emphasized that part of the celebration of the victory of good over evil involves making one’s life new again. According to the Patels, many people in India also have a cleansing of sorts within their home. They also get new clothes and give donations to organizations in order “to celebrate the possible bright future.”

Diwali is a five-day festival which operates on a lunar calendar, so the dates change each year. While neither one of us are experts on this holiday, between Wikipedia (which does have its uses) and those we interviewed, here is a summary of the days of Diwali:

Day 1: Cleaning, decorating, and shopping; prayers usually offered to Kubar.

Day 2:  Bathing rituals; women often adorning themselves with henna; cooking a plethora of sweets; prayers offered to Lakshmi, goddess of wealth and prosperity.

Day 3: Dressing in new clothes; important relationships recognized; gifts given; fireworks set off; sweets throughly enjoyed. 

Day 4: Celebrating the relationship between husband and wife (kind of like everyone celebrating their wedding anniversary on the same day).

Day 5: Celebrating the lifelong bond of the sister-brother relationships.

The various religious groups celebrate this holiday for different reasons, but while chatting with Janki we were given a deeper understanding of what the holiday means to those in Jackson. She explained, “Indie culture is so fruitful and so rich, but the roots are spread out. We want to bring them together—to unite.”

Indie culture is so fruitful and so rich, but the roots are spread out. We want to bring them together—to unite.
— Janki Patel

We were delighted by the many aspects of unity we experienced at the Festival of Lights. In only a few hours we met Hindus who had traveled in from Dyersburg, Memphis, Jackson, New Jersey, and even various states of India; we met a Sikh, a local pharmacist, who explained the different reasons Sikhs and Hindus celebrate the holiday. We met a Christian couple who has lived in Jackson for over thirty years and had come to the festival in order to “express solidarity,” because this is their community. We re-met many people who had made the International Food and Art Festival possible and even reconnected with a family Melissa had served at Olive Garden the week before, who had attended at the invitation of their Indian neighbors. Perhaps the most astonishing thing to us was that all this was going on less than two miles from our houses! We were excited to witness the multi-generational and intercultural bonds being displayed between neighbors we didn’t even know we had.

The evening officially began with a time of prayer. Individuals gathered around an Indie prayer altar while children of varying ages led the group in a chant selected especially for Diwali. Not being able to understand Hindi (regrettably), all we could understand was that name of the goddess of wealth, Lakshmi, was repeated often. As best as we could gather from our place at the edge of the crowd, the prayer was accompanied by lighting candles and burning incense.

This year’s Diwali festival had fallen on Children’s Day, which meant that basically every part of the ceremony involved the children (which meant that every part of the ceremony was wonderful). The night began with the children leading us in both the Indian and American national anthems. This was followed by the exciting announcement of the West Tennessee Health Center’s sponsorship of the event and the recognition of those who had labored to make the evening so beautiful.

Mayor Jerry Gist was present at the event, and in the opening speech he invited the people of Jackson to join with those around the world in celebration. He proceeded to proclaim November 14, 2015, Diwali Day and concluded by conveying his hearty appreciation for the Indians, thanking them for their considerable involvement in the community. “Jackson is such a great city because of its diversity,” he said. “We are better people because of you.”

After the Mayor spoke, a woman assumed the stage. She prayed, “May god protect us, let us be content together. Let there be peace, peace, peace.” Then we took a moment of silence for the victims of the Paris attack. Both of us were touched by this kind gesture.

Appetizers followed and (in between bites of delicious, traditional dishes) we mingled with the crowd. Meanwhile children graced the stage with dances and songs, and, when they weren’t delighting the crowd, we found time to talk with a few of them. One beautiful eight-year-old girl named Suri told us how she enjoyed dancing with her friends. Her mother explained that the girls had all been taking dance lessons for several months in preparation for this evening. She was hopeful that her daughter would come away with a better understanding of her heritage because of events like this one.

As the night progressed, some of the children performed a skit, outlining the festive intricacies of an Indian wedding. Music filled the building as the friends of the bride and the friends of the groom faced each other. It’s a unique Indian tradition that during the wedding feast the bride’s party tries to steal the shoes of the groom while the the groom’s party attempts the same feat. Of course, this is all done in jest. Preetima, a woman from Jaipur, India, who had flown into Jackson for a real wedding, told us that the bridesmaids would smoothly jest with the bride, telling her that they could not return the shoes unless they received gifts. Of course, the bride has planned to do this all along, making the whole ordeal a fun game of gift-giving.

After the children’s presentation, several teenage girls in traditional dress with tiki candles in their palms assumed the stage. The girls proceeded to do a cultural dance involving twisting their hands in a way that made the candles zoom through the air in a synchronized motion. As the final note ceased the room erupted with claps and whistles louder and even more enthusiastic than the wedding skit received.

At some point during the evening, we noticed “Professional DJ” listed on the bulletin for 9:30 to 11:30. We were not totally sure what all this portion of the event entailed, but waited with eager expectation until the time came. The lights in the large room dimmed considerably and colored lights lit up the stage at the front of the room. With a mixture of American and Indian party music playing, we joined the dance circle already forming and danced enthusiastically alongside people of varying ages, nationalities, ethnicities, and religions.

The two of us could not stop laughing, smiling, and talking as we left the Diwali Festival, the Indian holiday celebrating the victory of light over darkness, of knowledge over ignorance. As we pulled out of the drive, Kim declared, “You know, Americans can party hard, but Indians know how to party well.”


We were honored to be a part of such a unifying event. A special thanks to Vinay Sood and the Jackson Association of Indians for making such an event possible.


Kimberly Chavers is originally from Alabama but has lived all across the Southeast. Currently she is a student at Union University studying Intercultural Studies and Teaching English as a Second Language.

Originally from the Chicago area, Melissa Hardman came to Jackson to study Linguistics at Union University and plans to graduate in spring of 2016. She hopes to teach English or work with humanitarian aid organizations one day.

Photography by Sol Bee Park.